What types of degrees are available?

Masters degrees. (M.A., M.S., M.Ed., M.B.A., M.F.A., M.M., M.S.W., etc.) Masters degrees are awarded upon completion of a one to two year program of studies after the baccalaureate degree.

In general, programs are of the following types:

Specialists and advanced masters degrees. (Ed.S., Adv.M.) These represent study beyond the masters degree but less than the doctoral degree. They are most often offered in education, but may be available in a number of areas. They may be either a course-type or thesis-type program and may or may not require a comprehensive exam.

Professional degrees. (J.D., M.D., D.V.M., Pharm.D., D.D.S., D.M.D, etc.) Professional degrees are awarded upon completion of programs of study that prepare individuals to enter certain professions. Though the degree may contain the term doctor, a professional degree is the initial degree awarded in that area. Higher degrees may be available, including masters degrees and Ph.D.s.

Doctoral degrees.
(Ph.D., Ed.D., D.M., etc.) These are the highest degrees awarded. In addition to completion of an academic program of study and a comprehensive examination, all require a dissertation, which is a significant work of original research.

Post doctorates. These are not really degrees but simply advanced study/research/training in a particular area.